Vermilion Rockfish

Vermilion Rockfish

Sebastes miniatus

Physical Description

The Vermilion Rockfish, known scientifically as Sebastes miniatus, boasts a robust physique, measuring between 50 to 76 centimeters in length. Its striking appearance is characterized by a vibrant red to orange-red hue, often adorned with gray or black mottling. A thin pale stripe runs along its lateral line, while its ventral fins may feature dark edges. Juveniles of this species exhibit more pronounced dark mottling and red fins with dark edges, adding to their allure.


While juveniles may occasionally seek refuge in the sheltered environs of kelp forests during the summer months, large adults of the Vermilion Rockfish typically inhabit deeper waters. They gravitate towards benthic zones near rocky reefs, where they find ample opportunities for foraging and shelter amidst the rugged underwater terrain.

Geographical Range

The Vermilion Rockfish occupies a vast geographical range extending from Alaska to central Baja California. Within this expansive stretch of the eastern Pacific coast, it thrives in diverse marine habitats characterized by rocky substrates and deep-water environments, showcasing its adaptability to varying ecological conditions.

What They Eat

As benthic dwellers, Vermilion Rockfish primarily prey upon smaller fishes, crustaceans, and other benthic invertebrates that inhabit the rocky reefs and deeper waters. Their diet contributes to the intricate marine food web, reflecting their role as apex predators in their ecosystem.

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